CDD-Ghana established the Coalition of Domestic Election Observers (CODEO) in the year 2000. It is our primary mechanism for election monitoring and observation in Ghana. CODEO has trained and deployed over 30,000 domestic civic activists selected from over 40 secular and religious, and civil society organizations to monitor and observe local and national elections in Ghana since its inception.

The Goal

Guided by the overarching principles of independence from partisan associations and impartiality, CODEO’s goal is to enhance the credibility of electoral outcomes, and promote free, fair and transparent elections by preventing electoral fraud through the encouragement of citizen participation in elections and issues based campaigns.


  • CODEO has successfully deployed the Parallel Vote Tabulation (PVT) methodology in Ghana to independently verify the 2008, 2012 and 2016 Presidential Elections.
  • Assessed the Electoral Commission of Ghana as a model of successful governance institution-building in Africa.
  • Provided technical support to civic election watchdog groups and other bodies in several African countries.